HOCHHUTH, ROLF° (1931– ), German playwright. Hochhuth, a Protestant, was a publisher's reader between 1955 and 1963 and was able to undertake, at the Vatican and elsewhere, the massive documentation needed for his controversial drama, Der Stellvertreter (The Deputy, 1964). This was produced in Berlin in February 1963 and appeared in print at the same time. The play immediately aroused a storm of protest in Catholic circles owing to its uncompromising condemnation of Pope Pius XII for his failure to condemn Hitler's Jewish policies. The two tragic heroes of Hochhuth's drama are Lieutenant kurt gerstein , a dedicated Lutheran who infiltrated the Waffen-ss and tried to awaken world conscience to the Holocaust, and Father Riccardo Fontana, a Jesuit priest whose revolt against the silence of Pius XII eventually leads him to assume the role of "representative" of the Pope at Auschwitz. The character of Fontana is fictitious but in part inspired by the heroic Provost bernhard lichtenberg of Cologne, whom the Nazis executed. Both the play and the appended documentation draw the conclusion that Pius XII sacrificed morality to the short-term financial and political interests of the Church. Der Stellvertreter appeared in England as The Representative and in the U.S. as The Deputy (published with Hochhuth's accompanying documentation, 1964). It provoked widespread reaction and was the subject of great controversy, bringing Pope paul vi to the defense of Pius XII. The 2002 film Amen was based on it. Hochhuth continued to write controversial plays after he moved to Switzerland in 1963 and became resident playwright at the Basle Stadttheater. His 1978 play A Love in Germany focused on the governor of Wuerttemberg, Hans Filbinger, and his past as a military judge in World War II. The play stirred a debate which resulted in Filbinger's resignation. His play McKinsey Is Coming, which discusses modern social justice and criticizes big business, was read by some critics as an exculpation of left-wing terrorism, a charge denied by Hochhuth. An earlier play, Soldiers, Necrology on Geneva (1967), which depicts the British bomb attacks in World War II as crimes and portrays Winston Churchill as a war criminal, resulted in his friendship with the extreme right-wing British historian David irving , who was later accused of Holocaust denial. When Hochhuth defended Irving in a public remark in 2005, he came under heavy attack in the German press. Hochhuth later retracted his statement, claiming he was not familiar with Irving's extreme theses, and publicly apologized. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: E.R. Bentley (ed.), Storm over "The Deputy" (1964). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: P.M. Ellsberg, "An Interview with Rolf Hochhuth," in: C.F. Delzell (ed.), The Papacy and Totalitarianism between the Two World Wars (1974); T. Brechenbacher, "Der Dichter als Fallensteller – Hochhuths 'Stellvertreter' und die Ohnmacht des Faktischen," in: M. Wolffsohn and T. Brechenbacher (eds.), Geschichte als Falle (2001), 217–57; H.J. Cargas, "Hochhuth's 'The Deputy' – One Generation Later," in: Shofar, 5, 1 (1986), 30–42; U. Altermatt, "Die Hochhuth Debatte in der katholischen Schweiz," in: S. Käppeli (ed.), Lesarten des juedisch-christlichen Dialogs (2002), 19–32. (Godfrey Edmond Silverman / Michael Brenner (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Hochhuth, Rolf — (1931 )    Playwright. Hochhuth was among the first German playwrights to confront events in World War II by portraying individuals from recent history as characters in his plays. Erwin Piscator s premiere of Hochhuth s Der Stellvertreter (The… …   Historical dictionary of German Theatre

  • Hochhuth, Rolf —  (1931–) German playwright …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Rolf Hochhuth — Rolf Hochhuth, 2009 Rolf Hochhuth (* 1. April 1931 in Eschwege) ist ein deutscher Dramatiker und ein maßgeblicher Anreger des Dokumentartheaters. Internationalen Erfolg erzielte er mit dem „christlichen Trauerspiel“ Der Stellvertreter. Als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rolf Hochhuth — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Rolf Hochhuth Rolf Hochhuth Nombre real Rolf Hochhuth Nacimiento 1 de abril de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hochhuth — Hochhuth,   Rolf, Schriftsteller, * Eschwege 1. 4. 1931; war 1953 63 Verlagslektor, lebt seitdem als freier Schriftsteller bei Basel. Hochhuth ist einer der erfolgreichsten und umstrittensten Autoren des deutschsprachigen Theaters. Sein erstes… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Rolf Hochhuth — Rolf Hochhuth, 2009 Rolf Hochhuth est un écrivain et dramaturge allemand né le 1er avril 1931 à Eschwege (Hesse, Allemagne). Son œuvre la plus connue est Le Vicaire (1963), dans laquell …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rolf Hochhuth — (born April 1, 1931 in Eschwege) is a German author and playwright. He is best known for his 1963 drama The Deputy and remains a controversial figure for his plays and other public comments, such as his 2005 defense of Holocaust denier David… …   Wikipedia

  • Hochhuth — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Martin Hochhuth, deutscher Rechtswissenschaftler Rolf Hochhuth (* 1931), deutscher Dramatiker Sandra Hochhuth (* 1981), deutsche Fernsehmoderatorin und journalistin Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Roch Hochhuth — Rolf Hochhuth Rolf Hochhuth, 2009 Rolf Hochhuth est un écrivain et dramaturge allemand né le 1er avril 1931 à Eschwege (Hesse, Allemagne). Son œuvre la plus connue est Le Vicaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hochhuth — Übernamen oder Berufsübernamen für den Träger bzw. Hersteller besonders hoher Hüte. Bekannter Namensträger: Rolf Hochhuth, deutscher Schriftsteller (20./21.Jh.) …   Wörterbuch der deutschen familiennamen

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